Glossary

Glossary

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
P
Parole Release of a prisoner from imprisonment, but not from legal custody. Parole is also known as Mandatory Supervised Release (MRS).
Parole Officer A person that supervises an individual for a specified period of time for the Illinois Department of Corrections.
Part-time Work Services not normally required for the customary schedule of full time hours or days prevailing in the establishment in which such services are performed, or services performed by a person who, owing to his personal circumstances or the nature of the work he is qualified to perform, does not customarily work the schedule of full time hours or days prevailing in the establishment in which he is employed ©820 ILCS 404/407ª. Generally, part-time work will be less than 40 hours per week except where company policy or a collective bargaining agreement provides for a lesser number of hours per week as full time work. In such cases, part time work shall be work less than the number of full time hours set by the collective bargaining agreement or company policy.
Party With respect to issues of non-monetary eligibility, the claimant and any employing unit which files a timely and sufficient protest pursuant to Section 2720.130 of the Part. Only a party under Section 702 of the Act may appeal a non-monetary determination or decision of the Agency regarding eligibility for benefits. With respect to findings under Section 701 of the Act, "Party means the claimant and any employer whose base period wages are in question. With respect to the issues of sufficiency and timeliness of a protest pursuant to Section 2720.l30 of this Part, "Party" means only the employing unit which files the protest.
Penalty Weeks Number of payable weeks which a client may have to serve (without payment) if he/she is deemed to have received benefits fraudulently. Claimant must certify for these weeks and otherwise be eligible within I.U.I.A.
Personal Identification Number or PIN A number that enables the claimant to access the Telephone Certification System. Valid use of a PIN serves as the claimant's signature.
Personal Recognizance The promise of an accused person to the court that he or she will return to court when ordered to do so. The promise is given in exchange for release before and/or during his or her trial.
Plea A defendant's formal answer in court to the charge(s) that he or she is accused of committing.
Plea Agreement/Plea Negotiation An agreement between the State and defendant wherein the defendant agrees to plead guilty under certain terms and conditions. Since both the State and the defendant risk losing should the case go to trial, plea agreements are a means of arriving at a reasonable disposition without the necessity of going to trial.
Plea of Guilty Admission of guilt in open court.
Post Conviction Proceedings Following conviction and direct appellate review, many states provide for procedures for post conviction review. Typically, the grounds for relief under these proceedings are both limited and different from those on appeal from a conviction.
Preliminary Hearing The hearing for a person charged with a felony before an associate circuit judge, wherein the State must establish that there is probable cause to believe that the accused committed the specific crime charged, and which may require witness testimony.
Pre-sentence Investigation (PSI) The PSI is usually conducted by a probation officer after a plea or verdict of guilty. PSI is done before sentencing to enable the judge to learn more about the defendant so that he or she is better able to impose a proper sentence. The PSI includes information about the defendant's criminal history and personal background. The individual conducting the PSI will contact the victim(s) of the crime to determine how he or she has been impacted by the defendant's actions.
Pre Start Program An Illinois Department of Corrections program that prepares inmates scheduled for release for reentry. Topics covered include housing, transportation, identification, family relationships and employment.
Prison State facilities where convicted individuals who have committed a felony are held.
Probable Cause Degree of proof needed to search and/or arrest.
Probation Conditional freedom granted to an offender by the court after conviction or a guilty plea will requirements regarding the offender's behavior. Any violation of such requirements may result in revocation of the probation. Supervision is usually by a probation officer. In Illinois, 710 and 1410 probation are sentences that do not carry any physical supervision form the court and convictions that can be expunged.
Pro Se When the defendant is not represented by counsel, as he or she has waived the right to counsel in a criminal proceeding, or is otherwise not represented in a civil proceeding.
Prosecutor A lawyer employed by the government to represent the general publics interests in court proceedings against people accused of committing crimes.
Protest The Agency form, "Employer Notice of Possible Ineligibility", or a letter in lieu thereof, which alleges that the claimant is not entitled to unemployment insurance benefits.
Public Defender An attorney that is employed by a government agency to represent defendants who are unable to hire private counsel.